Name of the work: Villa Savoye
Client: Pierre & Eugénie Savoye
Architect: Le Corbusier & Pierre Jeanneret
Project Year: 1928-1931
Topics: Villa [Unesco Heritage]
Location: Poissy, France (May 1986)
Area: 480 square meters / 5,100 square feet
Style & Chronology: Rationalism, Modernism, International Style
Villa Savoye Extreme – Is a stark white floating box pierced by symmetrical horizontal window openings. The house is devoid of décor and the visual interest is made up of vertical columns, linear horizontal rectangles, and cylinders that dominate the roof as opposed to the right angle of the structure.
Front Elevation & Golden Section
The frot height of the Villa Savoye can be described along with two golden section rectangles.
Villa Savoye Relation to Circle Arcs
The pleasing proportions of the building are due to the harmonious relationship of all structural elements. A large circle arch, from post to post, is shown in red that touches the top of the building. Two small circles from edge to edge, shown in blue, touch the top of the window opening.
Relation of Villa Savoye to the Square
While the rectangular structure of the house can be easily described with golden section rectangles, the height of the front, which includes the roof structure, can be enclosed by two sections. These sections extend from the pillar to the uppermost point of the house, the center of the squares descending at the break between the window openings. Also the body of the house can be described as having six tangent squares as well.
Villa Savoye is balanced by a raised top structure on the left with a solid entrance structure on the left and right. The window openings are symmetrical and provide a strong horizontal plane with partitions that are rhythmic, diagonal and attractive.
Villa Savoye and Diagonal Grid
A diagonal grid fitted at the front elevation with the squares reveals a series of relationships between the structure of the house and the lines it regulates.
“The house is a box in the air…..” —Le Corbusier